Research Methods in Kinesiology

Research Methods in Kinesiology


Leddy Library's Home Page

Help:   Sharon Munro    
Room 108 – Information Services Department
Leddy Library – West Building          

Tel.: (519) 253-3000 ext. 3850    

Types of information available:  books, journals, newspapers, theses, dvds, statistics, etc. A lot of  information is available online, including electronic books, but many books and older journals are still only available in print.

Library Hours: M-Th 8am-2am; F  8am-midnight; Sat.  10am-midnight; Sun. 10am-2am

Accessing the Online Databases, Journals, and Books:  off-campus, you will be asked to sign on using your UWindsor ID and email password. If you are having access problems, please call ext. 3167 or send an email to


Links to a wide range of library resources and services can be found on the Leddy Library's Home Page including the following:

Search the Library Catalogue to get access to books, videos, DVDs and materials on course reserve.  As well as print books, the Leddy Library is now providing access to electronic books.  Not all of these books are in the library catalogue yet, so you should also search for books in any of Leddy Library's e-book collections that are relevant to your topic(s). 

Browse Journals:  click on this link if you are looking for a particular journal article and you already know which journal and volume it is contained in, e.g., if you have a bibliography in your textbook or on your course outline.  Type the title of the journal into the search box to find out if the library has the issue of the journal that contains your article.

Find Journal Articles & Research Tools:  go here if you are looking for journal articles on your research topic. Click on  Human Kinetics. This will bring up the Leddy Library's main web page for Human Kinetics and you will find journal indexes/databases relevant to human kinetics and links to other useful resources.  Remember that topics for Human Kinetics can overlap with other subjects so, depending on your topic, you may also want to look at web pages for other subject areas such as Education, Psychology, Nursing, Women's Studies etc..

Order Books & Articles not in Leddy: if the Leddy Library does not have a journal article or book that you need, you can order them free of charge through RACER, Leddy Library's interlibrary loan system. You should allow about a week, sometimes longer depending on the request. Students pick up their books/articles at the Circulation Desk. For book requests published within the last year, email Sharon Munro directly.

Writing Help:  this Leddy Library web page gives access to citation style guides (including APA); sources for writing help; and tools for managing references (RefWorks and Zotero).  You can also use RefWorks and Zotero to put your paper into APA style. With many of the databases, you can save your citations directly into APA format; however, they may not always be accurate so always check your references.

Research Help:  there are mini tutorials on this Leddy Library web page that will help you to find articles, books and videos/DVDs.  There are also tutorials for evaluating websites, tips for library research and information about scholarly vs. non-scholarly resources.


For research papers, you should generally be looking for scholarly (preferably peer-reviewed) journal articles. These report research findings, are longer, more in-depth, and have bibliographies.

The most efficient way to find them is to search bibliographic databases (aka journal indexes): basically large collections of records that describe individual journal articles. Each bibliographic database tends to index a different bundle of journals.

Some examples of bibliographic databases:

Sport Discus:      focuses on sport, kinesiology, recreation

ProQuest Social Sciences allows you to search many social science databases at once  -  good for multidisciplinary topics

Business Source Complete:  for sport management topics

Medline:    for movement science/medical topics

See the Leddy Library's guide for Human Kinetics for information about additional resources for Human Kinetics.

Developing an Effective Search Strategy:

1. Identify the major concepts of your research topic

2. For each concept: think of synonyms, related/alternative keywords, broader/narrower terms, variant spellings

3.  Combine and group your keywords (see below) and then type them into the search box(es) of the database.

Some Common Search Tips For Most Databases:


Returns results that contain any, some, or all of the keywords

Capitalization is often optional (but not with Google)

e.g.,  women OR female OR gender

e.g.,  college OR university OR varsity 


Returns only results that contain all of the keywords

Capitalization is often optional

e.g.,  anorexia AND university AND athletes

e.g.,  doping AND cyclists

Phrase Searching   

Returns results that contain the keywords together

Quotation marks denote a phrase and are often optional (but not with the Library Catalogue or Google)

e.g.,  "eating disorders"

e.g.,  "sport sponsorship"


Returns results that begin with the same keyword stem.  Useful for word and spelling variations.

The asterisk * is the most common symbol used for truncation

e.g., sport*

Will retrieve:  sport, sports, sporting, sporty, etc..


(fan* or spectator*) and (violen* or hooligan*) and (soccer or football)

(eating disorder* or anorexi* or bulimi*) and (universit* or college* or varsity) and (sport* or athlet*)

(women or female or gender) and tennis and sponsor*

In some databases, you can limit your search to peer-reviewed articles only. You may also want to limit your search by date.  Always check the limit options for whatever database you're using as these can help you to do a more focused search.

When you get your search results: if there is no direct link to the full-text of the article, click on the Get It button. This software will try to link you to the full-text that we may have through another vendor/publisher.  If the Leddy Library can't give you access to the full text, you will be given a link to RACER, the Leddy Library's interlibrary loan system.


Use a similar search strategy to find books and videos/DVDs in the Library Catalogue

e.g.  doping AND sports

e.g.  “eating disorders”

You may want to limit by date (see Publication Year near the bottom of the Advanced Search screen)

Remember to search the Leddy Library's e-book collections for any electronic books that may be relevant to your topic(s).


Students who decide to write a thesis or major paper should try to check that their research topic has not already been done. There are a number of databases to search. See: Theses and Dissertations. The most important of these is arguably:

ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (index 1716 onwards; fulltext 1997 onwards)

Even for students doing a shorter term paper, theses are useful because they usually have excellent bibliographies and comprehensive literature reviews on the topic covered.


The Academic Data Centre provides access to a wide array of resources for finding and using statistical information.  The Centre has also developed several useful research guides including the following:

Human Kinetics / Sport Statistics and Data 

Health Statistics and Data

Windsor and Area Statistics

For information about additional data research guides - see the section for Data Research Guides on the Academic Data Centre's home page.  Staff at the Academic Data Centre can also help you to find data and to analyse it.  Email for help.  The Academic Data Centre itself is located in Room 1104 (near the Brown Gold Coffee Shop) on the first floor of the Main Building of the Leddy Library.

This web page was originally developed by Katharine Ball and updated by Sharon Munro