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**ECONOMICS****PROGRAMS****Bachelor of Arts (Economics)****Bachelor of Arts (Honours Economics)****Bachelor of Science (Honours Economics)****Bachelor of Arts (Combined Honours Economics)****Bachelor of Science (Combined Honours Economics)** **Minor in Economics****Major and Minor Concentrations - Bachelor of Interdisciplinary Arts and Science (IAS) - Economics****Additional Information: ****GENERAL UNDERGRADUATE REGULATIONS****Bachelor of Arts (Economics)***Degree Requirements**Total courses:* thirty.

(a) 41-110, 41-111, 41-212, 41-221, and 41-231; and six 200-, 300- or 400-level courses. (With the approval of a program advisor, equivalent statistics courses may be substituted for 41-212.)

(b) 65-250, or 65-205;

(c) eight courses from outside Social Sciences with at least two from Arts/Languages and two from Sciences;

(d) four courses from any area of study including Economics;

(e) six courses from any area of study excluding Economics.

*Courses used to calculate the major average are:* courses listed under requirement (a), and any courses taken in the major area(s) of study.

*RECOMMENDED COURSE SEQUENCING:*Year 1*

Fall: 41-110, plus four courses

Winter: 41-111, plus four courses

Year 2

Fall: 41-221*, 41-231, 65-250 (or 65-205)*, two courses

Winter: 41-212, two economics courses, two other courses

Year 3

Fall: two economics courses, three other courses

Winter: two economics courses, three other courses

Notes: 65-250 is recommended. If 65-250 is chosen instead of 65-205, 62-141 is required and should be taken in Year 1. A student who had successfully completed 41-110 could take 41-221 in the Winter of Year 1, rather than in Winter of Year 2.

**Bachelor of Arts (Honours Economics)***Degree Requirements**Total courses:* forty.

(a) 41-110, 41-111, 41-212 (or 65-251), 41-221, 41-222, 41-231, 41-232, 41-306, 41-313, 41-414, 41-423, 41-433, 41-407 and seven additional courses, at least five of which have to be at the 300- or 400- level.

(b) 62-120 (or 62-125 ), 62-140 (or 62-139), and either 65-205 or 65-250 (if taking 65-250, the student must take 62-141 as a prerequisite for 65-250).

(c) seventeen courses from any area of study, of which a maximum of two may be from Economics.

*Courses used to calculate the major average are:* courses listed under requirement (a), and any courses taken in the major area(s) of study.

*RECOMME**NDED COURSE SEQUENCING:*Year 1*

Fall: 41-110, 62-140 (or 62-139), 62-120 (or 62-125), plus two courses

Winter: 41-111, 62-141* (or other course), plus three courses

Year 2

Fall: 41-221*, 41-231, 65-250 (or 65-205)*, plus two courses

Winter: 41-222, 41-232, 41-212 (or 65-251), plus two courses

Year 3

Fall: 41-306, two economics courses, two other courses

Winter: two economics courses, three other courses

Year 4

Fall: 41-313, 41-423, 41-433, one economics course, one other course

Winter: 41-414, 41-407, two economics courses, one other course

Notes: 65-250 is recommended. If 65-250 is chosen instead of 65-205, 62-141 is required and should be taken in Year 1. A student who had successfully completed 41-110 could take 41-221 in the Winter of Year 1, rather than in Winter of Year 2. Also, conditional on satisfying the prerequisites, a student could move 41-313 and 41-414 from the fourth year to the third year.

**Bachelor of Science (Honours Economics)***Degree Requirements**Total courses:* forty.

(a) 41-110, 41-111, 41-212 (or 65-251), 41-221, 41-222, 41-231, 41-232, 41-306, 41-313, 41-414, 41-423, 41-433, 41-406, 41-424, 41-434, and five Economics elective courses at the 300 or 400 level.

* *(b) 60-104,

* *62-120 (or 62-125 ), 62-140 (or 62-139), 62-141, 62-190, 65-250, plus one additional course (200-level or higher) from the Department of Mathematics and Statistics.

(c) An additional 13 courses, a maximum of which two may be Economics courses.

*Courses used to calculate the major average are:* courses listed under requirement (a), and any courses taken in the major area(s) of study.

*RECOMMENDED COURSE SEQUENCING:*Year 1*

Fall: 41-110, 62-140 (or 62-139), 62-120 (or 62-125), 60-104 (or other course), plus one course

Winter: 41-111, 62-141, 62-190, 60-104 (or other course), plus one course

Year 2

Fall: 41-221*, 41-231, 65-250, plus two courses

Winter: 41-222, 41-232, 41-212 (or 65-251), plus two courses

Year 3

Fall: two economics courses, one math or stats course, two other courses

Winter: 41-306, two economics courses, two other courses

Year 4

Fall: 41-313, 41-423, 41-433, 41-406, one other course

Winter: 41-414, 41-424, 41-434, one economics course, one other course

Notes: A student who had successfully completed 41-110 could take 41-221 in the Winter of Year 1, rather than in Winter of Year 2. Also, conditional on satisfying the prerequisites, a student could move 41-313 and 41-414 from the fourth year to the third year.

**Bachelor of Arts Combined Honours Economics Programs**

*Degree Requirements*

*Total courses: *forty.

(a) *Economics: *41-110, 41-111, 41-212 or (65-251), 41-221, 41-222, 41-231, 41-232 and six additional in Economics, at least four of which have to be at the 300- or 400- level.

(b) *Course requirements-Other Subject:* courses used to calculate the major average in the other subject area, as prescribed by that area of study.

(c) 65-205 (or 65-250)

(d) additional options to a total of forty.

*Courses used to calculate the major average are:* courses listed under requirements (a) and (b), and any courses taken in the major area(s) of study.

The critical requirement for the four-year Economics Honours is the inclusion of Economics 41-110 and 41-111 in the first year of the program. Similarly Economics 41-221, 41-222, 41-231, and 41-232 should be included in the second year of the program.

Students intending to specialize in Economics in a four-year Honours program should satisfy the Mathematics requirements as early as possible in the program.

**Bachelor of Science Combined Honours Economics Programs**

Bachelor of Science honours programs combining Economics with a second Honours area of study will consist of:

*Degree Requirements*

*Total courses:* forty.

(a) *Economics:* 41-110, 41-111, 41-212 or 65-251*, 41-221, 41-222, 41-231, 41-232, 41-306, 41-313, 41-406, 41-414, 41-423, 41-424, 41-433 and 41-434.

(b) *Course requirements-Other Subject*: courses used to calculate the major average in the other subject area, as prescribed by that area of study.

(c) 62-120 or 62-125 , 62-139 or 62-140, 62-141, 62-190, 65-250 and one additional course* from the Department of Mathematics & Statistics (62- or 65-) at the 200-level or higher.

(d) additional courses, if necessary, from any area of study to a total of forty courses.

* 65-251 is required if Mathematics and Statistics is the other subject. Also, 65-251 may be the ‘additional course’ in (c) above.

*Courses used to calculate the major average are:* courses listed under requirements (a) and (b), and any courses taken in the major area(s) of study.

**Minor in Economics **

A minor shall consist of 41-110, 41-111, 41-221, 41-231, and two additional Economics courses. A minimum average of 60% or better is required in all six courses.

**Major and Minor Concentrations - Bachelor of Interdisciplinary Arts and Science (IAS) - Economics**

*Major Concentration:* 41-212, 41-221, 41-222, 41-231, 41-232, 41-313, 41-414, 41-423, 41-433; three additional courses at the 300-level or above. (If General Science Major 41-424 and 41-434 are required.) (additional requirements: 41-110, 41-111, 65-205.)

**(Note: If a student is considering graduate studies in Economics they should take 62-140 (BIAS core), 62-141 (BIAS core), 65-250 (replaces core 65-205) and 65-251 (replaces 41-212) and 41-424 and 41-434 (replaces two of the three additional 300 level or above), and one additional Economic course at the 300 level or above.*

*Minor Concentration:* 41-212, 41-221, 41-222, 41-231, 41-232; one 300-level or above course.

Other requirements: 41-110, 41-111, 65-205.

**ECONOMICS: ****COURSES**